For the Internet world, the far most-used service is the
World Wide Web. Now, a days, this facility has become a house-hold
name. Once, you start browsing on the Internet, you may feel
crazy to create your own web pages for your business, to share
what you do, where to approach you etc. For creating such
pages, you need to know, basically a programming terminology
cum programming language, known as HTML.
HTML is a standard language meant for website development
activities. HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. The
language is simple to understand and learn. You don’t
have to invest much for learning HTML. A computer with capability
to run notepad and web browsers like Internet Explorer, Google
Chrome, and Opera etc. is enough for it to run. You don’t
have to be online for simple html pages to load through web
Well, now, let us see how HTML originated during the end of
last century, by whom it became popular etc.
The real big advancement in ease of use for the Internet was,
when Tim Berners-Lee invented the term world-wide-web in early
1990. He invented HTML, which went on to become internet world’s
very basic language, as scientists all over the world wanted
to share a lot of information in different formats, graphs
and raw data. HTML allowed a variety of data to be integrated
seamlessly and allowed links between data situated anywhere
on the internet. The real breakthrough came, when Marc Anderson
of Illinois developed a World Wide Web browser called Mosaic.
It could use the Internet without having to learn a complex
set of commands, which were existed at that time.
This browser also provided a more colorful and interesting
interface to the Internet. Mosaic was later known as Netscape
Navigator. Recently, you can select from a wide range of browsers
to choose from.
Hyper Text, in the term “Hyper Text Markup Language”,
is something like a reference book. You want to refer to a
word and you will search for the word and read then more reference
in the page you go to the page indicated. The hyper text is
also something like that. Here reference is a link. This link
may be in the same page same site or may be in a different
page or in a different site. The commands in HTML are known
as tags. The tags actually define page appearance and the
set of elements within the page.